Environment

Pastoralism in the Sahel: “Sedentism cannot be imposed”
Interview

Pastoralism in the Sahel: “Sedentism cannot be imposed”

Faced with rising violence, global warming and land grabs, nomadic herders are witnessing multiple threats to their lands. Boureïma Dodo, head of an association in Niger, talks about how pastoralism has changed and what future it might have.
Boureïma Dodo
The Financialization of Water: Pursuit of Profit Draining Human Rights
Development news

The Financialization of Water: Pursuit of Profit Draining Human Rights

Fresh water, blue gold? As water resources become scarcer and demand continues to grow, financiers are turning water into an object of speculation and a commodity like any other. In the process, they are threatening human rights.
Is natural gas a solution to meet Paris Agreement goals in Latin America?

Is natural gas a solution to meet Paris Agreement goals in Latin America?

Are the electricity expansion plans in Latin America and the Caribbean consistent with Paris Agreement targets? A recent study suggests a massive transition to natural gas will only delay the problem.
Oskar Lecuyer, Esperanza González-Mahecha
Electrification in Niger: “We are lagging behind population growth”
Interview

Electrification in Niger: “We are lagging behind population growth”

Health, demographics, national security: Alhassane Halid, Director of the Nigerien electric company (Nigelec), the main electricity supplier in Niger, discusses the challenges and prospects for the country’s electrification.
Halid Alhassane
“With rare metals, rich countries have outsourced pollution”

“With rare metals, rich countries have outsourced pollution”

After six years of investigation, journalist Guillaume Pitron warns us of the environmental and social impacts of rare metals, a vital component of green technology. Is the energy transition really as virtuous as it seems?
Guillaume Pitron
Renewable energy in sub-Saharan Africa: supporting a fragile process
Opinion

Renewable energy in sub-Saharan Africa: supporting a fragile process

The roll-out of renewable energy in sub-Saharan Africa is threatened by the default risk of State-owned electricity companies that are all too often strapped for cash. How to protect and reinforce renewably sourced electricity production?
Benjamin Denis
Sanitation: Why toilets need to be reinvented
Interview

Sanitation: Why toilets need to be reinvented

The Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation is one of the largest philanthropic organizations in the USA. It develops a pragmatic approach to the fight against infectious diseases by advocating for the “reinvention” of toilets. In addition to its financial support for the search for innovative...
Doulaye Kone
Hybridize the Commons: The example of the Polynesian lagoons
Opinion

Hybridize the Commons: The example of the Polynesian lagoons

Very popular in recent years, the concept of commons might yet be counterproductive if misinterpreted. Explanations with Thierry Paulais (AFD) based on an example of natural resources management from Polynesia. .
Thierry Paulais
A plastic (waste) world
Development news

A plastic (waste) world

Cheap, solid, lightweight: plastic has changed how we consume and live. But, as practical as they may be, 50% of plastic objects are single-use and, in both the North and South, we are never truly rid of plastic waste.
ID4D editorial staff
Innovate for sanitation! A pressing need, a complex process
Opinion

Innovate for sanitation! A pressing need, a complex process

Martin Leménager, Water and Sanitation task team leader at AFD, takes stock for ID4D of the interest of encouraging NGOs and actors in the field to innovate for sanitation.
Martin Leménager
When innovation and private enterprise facilitate access to drinking water
Interview

When innovation and private enterprise facilitate access to drinking water

How to facilitate access to drinking water when public authorities are unable to provide it? Askwar Hilonga, a Tanzanian engineer, answered the question by developing a water filter able to filter 99.9% of micro-organisms and chemical products.
Askwar HILONGA
The environmental paradox of the digital transition
Development news

The environmental paradox of the digital transition

Digital technologies bring new opportunities to reduce our environmental footprint. But it turns out that they also pollute. Is the digital transition a new vicious circle or a wealth of solutions for the ecological transition?
ID4D editorial staff
“Access to drinking water and sanitation is a fundamental human right”
Interview

“Access to drinking water and sanitation is a fundamental human right”

The right to water and sanitation has been a fundamental human right since 2010. Catarina de Albuquerque, first UN special Rapporteur on this subject, takes stock on the conditions necessary for its real implementation on ID4D.
Catarina De Albuquerque
The limits of the commons: The case of the Pacific
Opinion

The limits of the commons: The case of the Pacific

The management of ocean resources in the Pacific area allows Thierry Paulais to question the limits of the extend of the material common good. He bases his point on the analysis of the common pool resources.
Thierry Paulais
Water: “Women and men have differential roles, rights and responsibilities”
Interview

Water: “Women and men have differential roles, rights and responsibilities”

The rising consciousness of the inequalities between men and woman finds little resonance in the water and sanitation sectors for now. Sara Ahmed, specialist of water and gender equity questions, explains how women are at a disadvantage in these fields.
Sara Ahmed
Extractive industries: Has the time for transparency finally come?
Opinion

Extractive industries: Has the time for transparency finally come?

For the first time, French companies have published what they pay to the countries where they exploit natural resources. A major breakthrough in terms of transparency, which should pave the way for better governance in the extractive industries.
Quentin Parrinello
Agricultural credit in Morocco: “Meso-credit, a high-potential innovation”
Interview

Agricultural credit in Morocco: “Meso-credit, a high-potential innovation”

Groupe Crédit Agricole du Maroc offers innovative financial solutions to meet the demand for agricultural credit in Morocco. It includes the development of a “meso-credit” portfolio, between microfinance and traditional bank credit.
Mustapha Ben El Ahmar, Mariem Dkhil
Madagascar: risks and successes of agricultural microcredit
Interview

Madagascar: risks and successes of agricultural microcredit

Access to agricultural credit and microcredit is still a problem in many Southern countries. In Madagascar, innovative solutions such as digital microfinance and agricultural micro-insurance are being developed to support farmers.
Serge Rajaonarison
Malian agriculture: “Subsidies need to be scaled up”
Interview

Malian agriculture: “Subsidies need to be scaled up”

Malian agriculture is actively supported by the State, in particular through the National Agricultural Development Bank of Mali. Its Managing Director and Chairman Moussa Alassane Diallo, calls for a win-win partnership with donors.
Moussa Alassane Diallo
Public-private partnerships and development: the example of the hygiene sector
Interview

Public-private partnerships and development: the example of the hygiene sector

The Lifebuoy brand, part of the Unilever group of companies, is at the heart of a development private-public partnership aiming at promoting basic hygiene habits, such as soap handwashing, in rural areas of Bangladesh and Pakistan.
Avinish Jain
A social enterprise to improve access to electricity in Senegal
Interview

A social enterprise to improve access to electricity in Senegal

Young Belgian engineer Ruben Bäumer leads the Sénérgie initiative, a social enterprise that aims at improving access to electricity in Senegal by selling solar kits. He presents this project and analyses its potential and challenges.
Ruben Bäumer
Mercury and gold mining in the Guianas – cooperate or fail
Opinion

Mercury and gold mining in the Guianas – cooperate or fail

There has been growing awareness around mercury issues over the past sixty years, especially with regards to its strong negative impact on human health and the environment. To address these issues the Minamata Convention on Mercury was signed in October 2013. In the Guianas, this Convention won’t...
Laurent Kelle, Aiesha Williams, Laurens Gomes
The three prerequisites for progressive contract farming in Africa
Opinion

The three prerequisites for progressive contract farming in Africa

Can contract farming be an engine of sustainable development? Jean-Luc François (AFD) et Julien Lefilleur (PROPARCO) suggest three ideas to make it fairer to African farmers.
Julien Lefilleur, Jean-Luc François
Sustainable development and tropical agriculture

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