Gaël Giraud

Chief Economist at AFD

9 published articles

Agence Française de Développement
5, Rue Roland Barthes
75598 Paris Cedex 12

+33 1 53 44 31 31


Gaël Giraud is a French economist, specialized in general equilibrium theory, game theory, finance and energy issues. He is Chief Economist at the Agence Française de Développement, affiliated with University of Paris 1-Sorbonne Economic Center (CES) and associated researcher at Paris School of Economics (PSE). He is also member of the Scientific Committee of the “Laboratoire d'Excellence” devoted to financial regulation (LabEx ReFi) and member of the Steering Committee on the Energy Shift within the French government and of the Research team “Riskergy" (M. Lepetit) on Energy resilience and sovereign debt. He holds the chair “Energy and prosperity” supported by Ecole polytechnique, Paris Sorbonne university and Louis Bachelier’s Institute. He is also a member of the European NGO Finance Watch, the Nicolas Hulot Foundation.
A former fellow of Ecole Normale Supérieure in Paris, of ENSAE (Ecole Nationale de la Statistique et de l’Administration Economique) and of CORE (Center of Operations Research, Louvain-la-Neuve, Belgium), he earned his Ph.D. at the Laboratoire d’Econométrie de l’Ecole Polytechnique in 1998. In 2009, he was nominated as Best French young economist by Le Monde/Le Cercle des économistes.

ID4D Articles


The fight against inequalities: A state of emergency

ID4D gives the floor to 11 development experts on inequality. They address the different aspects of inequality and present solutions that can be implemented to tackle them.


The fight against Non-Communicable Diseases: a global emergency

Just 10 years ago, infectious diseases such as tuberculosis, HIV/AIDS and malaria were the main worldwide threat for health. But today, Non-Communicable Diseases (NCDs), such as diabetes or cardiovascular disease, which only receive 2% of the total financing allocated by international health partners, constitute a health emergency in high-income countries and low-income countries alike.


Carbon pricing corridors: the solution for reconciling climate and development?

Putting a value on carbon emissions reductions is a necessity, in both the North and the South. To take up this challenge, the commission headed by Joseph Stiglitz and Lord Nicholas Stern promotes the set-up of carbon pricing corridors.


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