From the humanitarian disaster in Yemen to threats affecting soils and biodiversity to questions raised by the Sahel initiative, a review of April 2018 development news.
Upon the sad anniversary of the start of the Yemen conflict, Arte has devoted a documentary to this country which, says the UN, is living “the worst humanitarian crisis in the world”. An astounding perspective of this war that no one is talking about, from the perspective of the ones living it.
“ Yemen: Chaos and Silence ” , Arte, 28 march 2018
The Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) was created 30 years ago to answer the question emerging at the time: “Is the Earth’s climate changing?”. LSE researcher Andrew Hammond goes back on the credibility the IPCC enjoys and how it influences lawmakers.
“ Battle against climate change can still be won ” , Gulf News, 4 April 2018
The alarm has been sounded: the planet’s soils are dying. According to participating researchers at IPBES, the UN organization known as “the IPCC of biodiversity”, if nothing is done, by 2050 merely 10% of the Earth’s soils will not have been affected by human activity. But they also indicate some solutions.
“ Land degradation threatens human wellbeing, major report warns ” , The Guardian, 26 March 2018
For François Grünewald of URD (Urgence rehabilitation développement, or Emergency Development Rehabilitation) and the four NGO signatories of the text, the prolonged crisis in Sahel underscores the need to link humanitarian, security and development dynamics in crisis areas.
“ Emergency, development, migration: Sahel, this place conducive to questioning [in French] ” , Le Point, 21 march 2018
What have African wild dogs, lemurs and wallabies got in common? These animals will soon be visible only in history books. By 2080, due to rising temperatures, 50% of Africa’s birds and mammals will disappear by 2100. But there are reasons to believe humans can change this dramatic outcome.
“ Life on Earth Is Under Assault—But There’s Still Hope ” , National Geographic, 23 March 2018
Africa faces a major public health issue: access to quality medicine. The continent has the world’s highest morbidity at 24%. Yet only 3% of world pharmaceutical production is African and the majority of medicine found there is counterfeit.
“ Africa takes steps to make medicine more affordable ” , Euractiv, 28 March 2018
In India, the biometric identification system Aadhaar, set up in 2010 and now handling 12 billion fingerprints, has experienced failures which raise doubts about its social and ethical effectiveness. But for the 3 co-authors, the problem of social service delivery in India does not only depend on this system.
“ L'Inde teste les limites de la carte d'identité biométrique ” , Livemint, 4 April 2018