Social Protection : universal provision is more effective than poverty targeting

One of the most highly charged debates in social security is whether it is preferable to offer schemes to everyone or target them only at the poor. Across both developed and developing countries, we find many examples of both approaches: for example, according to the ILO (2014), 36 countries offer universal social pension schemes while 53 countries means-test them. From a technical perspective there really is no argument: universal provision is vastly superior in reaching those living in poverty and in reducing both poverty and inequality.

Opinion 5 MIN