Population perspectives produced by the UN suggest that the African population could be multiplied by more than five during the current century, mainly due to high fertility rates. African countries face challenges related to high dependency burden, shortage of resources available to invest in human capital, high youth unemployment, and the risk of political instability.
Demographic trends may however be influenced by economic trends and policies and, if well managed, could also be turned into development opportunities, as shown by other regions experience. The objective of this conference is to invite demographers and economists to debate, in a multidisciplinary spirit, on factors that could influence African demographic challenges, such as the interplay between fertility behaviours, education and health policies, and women empowerment.


Organizers: Jean-Claude Berthélemy (Université Paris 1 Panthéon Sordonne), Françoise Rivière (AFD, Research and development Division), Josselin Thuilliez (CNRS & Princeton University Visiting Prof.)


Coffee – 8:30 to 9 am

1. Welcoming session – 9 to 9:30 am

2.  Demographic Perspectives in Africa – 9:30 to 11 am
President : Jean-Claude Berthélemy (Université Paris 1 PAnthéon-Sorbonne)

African population scenarios to 2100, by Henri Léridon (Ined & Académie des Sciences)
Fertility decline in Africa: barriers and challenges,  by Clémentine Rossier (University of Geneva)

Coffee Break – 11 to 11:15 am

3. Demographic perspectives and development – 11:30 am  to 1 pm
Presidente: Françoise Rivière (AFD)

Africa’s Demographic Transition, by Abdo Yazbeck (World Bank)
Alternative demographic scenarios for Africa and their consequences for development, by Wolfgang Lutz, (Wittgenstein Centre for Demography and Global Human Capital and IIASA)

Lunch – 1 to 2 pm

4. Women empowerment – 2 to 3:30 pm
President : Josselin thuilliez (CNRS & Princeton University)

Inequality in fertility dynamics, by Jocelyn Finlay (Harvard University)
Labour Market Participation and fertility, by Anne-Sophie Robillard (Dial)

Coffee Break – 3:30 to 3:45 pm

5.    Human capital – 3:45 to 5:15 pm
President : Marie-Pierre Nicollet (AFD)

Fertility and Health in Africa, by Josselin Thuilliez (CNRS & Princeton University Visiting Prof.)
The link between Structural Adjustment Programs, education discontinuities and stalled fertility in Africa, by Anne Goujon (IIASA)
The link between Education and Fertility in Africa, by David Shapiro (Pennsylvania State University)

6.    Migration – 5:15 to 5 pm
President : Mathias Kuepie (AFD)
Global migration pressures in the 21st century The unstoppable force of demography (Frédéric Docquier, UCL; Mathilde Maurel, CNRS)

Conclusion – 6 to 6:15 pm
Mathias Kuepie (AFD)


Demographic Challenges in Africa


Thursday 23 February 2017


9:00 - 6:30


Agence Française de Développement
5 rue Roland Barthes
75012 Paris

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