French overseas territories: long-term growth driven by gains in productivity
Opinion

French overseas territories: long-term growth driven by gains in productivity

The living standards gap between France and its overseas departments and regions has halved over the past fifty years. This economic and human progress can continue through 2050, provided that productivity gains are achieved to counteract the recessionary effects of increasingly slow population...
Amadou Gallo Fall: “Basketball, a powerful tool for Africa’s development”
Interview

Amadou Gallo Fall: “Basketball, a powerful tool for Africa’s development”

The Basketball Africa League, based on the NBA model, will make its debut in March. The launch provides an opportunity for the league’s president, Amadou Gallo Fall, to assert the key role that sports will play in Africa’s development.
Amadou Gallo Fall
To tackle inequalities, we must be able to measure them
Opinion

To tackle inequalities, we must be able to measure them

Data on inequalities remains fragmented. Improving the measurement of inequalities is a key issue for democracy to help guide public policies, monitor their impacts and provide citizens with a means of verifying government action.
Lucas Chancel, Quentin Parrinello
Inclusive growth in Africa: “We must hand over the reins to the private sector”
Interview

Inclusive growth in Africa: “We must hand over the reins to the private sector”

How can African population growth drive more sustainable and inclusive economic growth? The International Monetary Fund’s Papa N’Diaye thinks that part of the answer will come from the private sector.
Papa N’Diaye
Unemployment and underemployment in developing countries: tackling preconceived ideas
Opinion

Unemployment and underemployment in developing countries: tackling preconceived ideas

By 2030, nearly 350 million young people around the world will enter the global job market. Half will be in Africa. Economic growth will not be enough to ensure access to decent jobs for all of them. Governments must therefore adopt ambitious policies.
Ivan Postel-Vinay
The Rights of Future Generations, A New Legal Humanism
Interview

The Rights of Future Generations, A New Legal Humanism

Émilie Gaillard has been working on the rights of future generations for 20 years. She believes this legal concept is an essential tool for bringing about the paradigm shifts required for the long-term preservation of the environment and populations.
Émilie Gaillard
“Carbon tax is the most effective solution for mitigating climate change”
Interview

“Carbon tax is the most effective solution for mitigating climate change”

We have no time to lose—current generations must make sacrifices for the benefit of future generations. Christian Gollier believes that, while not perfect, the carbon tax is the best solution for ecological transition.
Christian Gollier
Textile industry: “Every purchase is a political act!”
Interview

Textile industry: “Every purchase is a political act!”

In 2013, the collapse of Rana Plaza in Bangladesh shed light on the deplorable working conditions of the textile industry. For Nayla Ajaltouni, consumer mobilization has an impact on working conditions in developing countries.
Nayla Ajaltouni
Can basic income eradicate extreme poverty?
Development news

Can basic income eradicate extreme poverty?

For a few years now, a universal basic income has been tested in pilot programs all over the world. Everyone is given cash to cover essential needs. Can such a measure eradicate extreme poverty?
ID4D editorial staff
Informal employment: “we need to promote homegrown developments in employment practices”
Interview

Informal employment: “we need to promote homegrown developments in employment practices”

Two billion people work in the informal economy, in circumstances that vary hugely. For many, moving into formal employment is a real challenge in the short term. In the long run, we need to ensure decent working conditions, says Philippe Marcadent.
Philippe Marcadent
“The key lies in youth employability”
Interview

“The key lies in youth employability”

While school enrolment rates are increasing around the world, young people are still among the most affected by unemployment. How can this be addressed? Véronique Sauvat puts forward some solutions to make it easier for young people to enter the labor market.
Véronique Sauvat
“Capitalism must make social justice one of its goals”
Interview

“Capitalism must make social justice one of its goals”

Gilles Dufrénot is a professor at Aix-Marseille School of Economics and the author of several books. He calls for a new social contract based on the redefinition of minimum needs by the many.
Gilles Dufrénot
Progress in microfinance should be a source of inspiration for digital finance
Opinion

Progress in microfinance should be a source of inspiration for digital finance

Fintech, mobile banking… Digital finance needs to capitalize on the experiences of microfinance to bring smallholder producers and entrepreneurs in emerging and developing countries real added value.
Cécile Lapenu, Jurgen Hammer
Social Impact Bonds: A new development finance tool?
Opinion

Social Impact Bonds: A new development finance tool?

A Social Impact Bond is a new financial tool that can be set up in an emerging or developing country in order to finance public policy of general interest. Julien Sciau, AFD account officer, explains this tool and its potentialities.
Julien Sciau
Could tax policies designed to mitigate inequalities ultimately increase poverty?
Interview

Could tax policies designed to mitigate inequalities ultimately increase poverty?

Financing social policies through taxes may ultimately generate poverty. Nora Lustig, an Argentinian economist, explains this fiscal paradox.
Nora Lustig
Thinking degrowth to successfully achieve the ecological transition
Interview

Thinking degrowth to successfully achieve the ecological transition

Agnès Sinaï lectures in degrowth policies at Sciences Po (Paris). She believes that the ecological transition will only come about if a socioeconomic model based on degrowth replaces the current productivity-focused standard of societies.
Agnès Sinaï
South Africa : “Inequalities hinder economic growth”
Interview

South Africa : “Inequalities hinder economic growth”

An interview with Murray Leibbrandt, Professor at the School of Economics of the University of Cape Town and Director of the South African Labour and Development Research Unit.
Murray Leibbrandt
“Africa’s main competitive asset is Africa itself”
Interview

“Africa’s main competitive asset is Africa itself”

For Jean Michel Severino, the challenges facing Africa call for a renewal of the traditional vision of African development. Africa alone can define its destiny. Donors and development actors can be sparring partners in a win-win relationship.
Jean-Michel Severino
How Fablabs contribute to the digital challenges in Africa?
Opinion

How Fablabs contribute to the digital challenges in Africa?

Fablabs serve at the same time as production, creation and prototyping workshops, hands-on training spaces and facilitators of social ties. They contribute to reducing the traditional head-on opposition between “knowing” and “doing”.
Gwenael Prié, Stéphanie Leyronas, Isabelle Liotard
Rebecca Enonchong: “The main obstacle to the digital revolution in Africa is the reluctance of political leaders”
Interview

Rebecca Enonchong: “The main obstacle to the digital revolution in Africa is the reluctance of political leaders”

Rebecca Enonchong, founder of AppsTech, is one of the main voices for digital technologies in Africa. She believes that less bureaucracy and more support confidence by politics are the prerequisites for speeding up the digital revolution in Africa.
Rebecca Enonchong
Inequalities in the Arab world: Move from rent to tax
Opinion

Inequalities in the Arab world: Move from rent to tax

Six years after the Arab Spring movements, inequalities that largely triggered them still pose a problem in the Arab world. Samir Aita, a Franco-Syrian economist, takes a look at their causes, consequences and potential ways of addressing these.
Samir Aita
A “world in common”: The avatars of a concept still subject to question
Opinion

A “world in common”: The avatars of a concept still subject to question

Our planet is a finite space which humanity needs to share: this is the image of the world in common which AFD has taken up as its distinctive signature. This idea of a world in common to a certain extent carries with it the idea of a common, or at least coordinated, governance. In the brief and...
Thierry Paulais
Inequalities in Latin America are falling for 20 years
Interview

Inequalities in Latin America are falling for 20 years

Latin America is no longer the most unequal region in the world. While inequalities remain high, they have seen a marked decline over the last 20 years. For Stephan Klasen, Professor of Development Economics at the University of Göttingen (Germany), there are two main reasons for this phenomenon...
Stephan Klasen
Creating a start-up in Cameroon: three entrepreneurs’ stories
Interview

Creating a start-up in Cameroon: three entrepreneurs’ stories

Creating a start-up can be a real obstacle course for young people in Cameroon. Administrative and banking procedures, fundraising, etc. three Cameroon entrepreneurs go back to the creation of their innovative business.
Arthur Zang, Alain Nteff, Duplex Éric Kamgang

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