Pacific island countries on the edge of submersion
According to the World Bank report Pacific Possible, Pacific island countries will be the more affected by the effects of climate change. One question will be at the core of the COP23 organized by Fidji islands in Bonn in next November: will the international community finance the climate change adaptation of these vulnerable countries?
"Pacific islands can't tackle climate change alone" Times Live, September 7, 2017Lire l'article
Rohingya, the resurgence of an endless conflict
Out of a million Rohingya, 300,000 have fled Myanmar since 2017. The humanitarian crisis commanded the ceasefire. But why are these Muslims persecuted by Buddhists? Here are some keys to better understand a conflict going on for decades.
"Myanmar's Rohingya Are in Crisis—What You Need to Know" National Geographic, September 29, 2017Lire l'article
Droughts in Africa: better safe than sorry
he drought currently hitting the Horn of Africa is partly due to climate change. The resulting food crisis is tremendous. Yet, solutions exist to better anticipate such crisis. Among these are weather and climate forecasts.
"The relationship between drought and famine: lessons from the Horn of Africa" The Conversation, September 21, 2017Lire l'article
Water pollution in Gaza
In Gaza, during the summer, temperature often reaches 35 Celsius degrees and drives inhabitants, deprived of water, to the beach. But electricity cuts prevent the treatment of wastewater and almost raw sewage flows into the sea. The situation is irrevocable: inhabitants’ health is seriously endangered.
"Children continue to swim as raw sewage floods Gaza beach" The Guardian, July 31, 2017Lire l'article
Kurdistan, a new country?
Will the Iraqi Kurdistan be the 198th country to be recognized by the United Nations? The result of the referendum contested by Bagdad seems to take this road. But what is exactly that we call Iraqi Kurdistan?
"Iraqi Kurdistan: a map to understand what is at stake with the referendum (in French)," Le Monde, September 26, 2017Lire l'article
Financing for development, eyes on France
According to the 2017 Annual Report by NGO One, France allocated only 0.38% of its GNI to official development assistance in 2016. As the new French government confirmed its 0.7% aid’s target during the summer, budgetary announcements for 2018 are scrutinized.
"Slight rise in France’s contribution to development aid" Euractiv, September 12, 2017Lire l'article
They are 3 to 17 years old and they pick up, wash, filter and carry cobalt, diamonds or coltan. 40.000 children work in Congolese mines. The government announced a plan to eliminate child labor by 2025. NGOs are sceptical about the ability of the authorities to implement the plan.
"DRC: Government must deliver on pledge to end child mining labour by 2025" Amnesty International, September 1, 2017Lire l'article
Africa: still waiting for the demographic dividend
Decrease of infant mortality, slow decline of the average number of children per woman, youth of current population… many reasons explaining that even the lowest projections estimate there will be 3 billion African people by 2100. Gilles Pison highlights African demographic inertia.
"In 2100, will more than a third of humanity be African? (in French)" The Conversation, September 19, 2017Lire l'article