Yvan Guichaoua is a Lecturer in International Conflict Analysis at the Brussels School of international studies (University of Kent). He is a former teaching fellow at Yale University and research officer at the University of Oxford. He has been studying the dynamic of irregular armed groups in Nigeria, Côte d’Ivoire, Mali and Niger since 2004. Since 2007, Yvan Guichaoua has been studying Tuareg recurring rebellions in Niger and Mali, the rise of Jihadism in the Sahel and security governance. His present research concerns interactions between insurgents, populations and foreign forces. Yvan Guichaoua is the author of numerous journal articles and book chapters and the editor of “Understanding Collective Political Violence” and co-editor of “The Developmental Challenges of Mining and Oil” (Palgrave-Macmillan).