Xavier Lhote

Crisis prevention & Post-Conflict specialist, Africa department at AFD

3 published articles
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Agence Française de Développement
5, Rue Roland Barthes
75598 Paris Cedex 12

+33 1 53 44 31 31


Xavier has worked on crisis context in Africa and Middle-East as a consultant and then for the French Development Agency (AFD). He covered Somalia, the Central African Republic and the Sahel region. Graduated from the Ecole Normale Supérieure Paris Saclay in Economics, he has taught at Sciences Po Paris and Sorbonne University.

ID4D Articles


Statebuilding, an approach that needs rethinking

Faced with contemporary social conflicts, the answer given by international stakeholders is a combination of “security and development” through, in particular, the reconstruction of the State. However, statebuilding, through its technical and apolitical approach, fails to address the social driving forces behind the violence.


New conflicts require better coordination among international actors

The new contemporary conflicts facing us are more difficult to resolve. The forms of action taken by international actors coming to the aid of the most fragile societies must be reviewed if we are to boost their impact.


Complex wars require a change in approach

According to Xavier Lhote, wars between States have given way to violence of social origin. Short-term humanitarian, political and military responses are no longer sufficient in resolving these crises: development stakeholders have an important long-term role to play.



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