Dr. Kamel Mohanna was born in South Lebanon in 1943 and studied medicine in the 1960s in Grenoble and Tours, in France. He was an activist in the Arab Students’ Association and defended Algerian independence. At the end of his studies, he worked for six months as a volunteer in Dhofar, a region in Yemen, where he took part in the “barefoot doctors” movement. In 1973, when he returned from Lebanon, he set up a practice and worked as a pediatrician at the Saint-Georges Greek Orthodox Hospital, as well as in Palestinian refugee camps, for which he set up the Najdeh association in 1976, the year in which he worked with Bernard Kouchner, from Doctors Without Borders (MSF). In 1979, he founded the medico-social association Amel, which has become international and has headquarters in Geneva, in order to provide a more effective response to the Syrian migrant crisis. He is a staunch defender of democracy in the Arab world and the author of Un médecin libanais engagé dans la tourmente des peuples, Les choix difficiles (L’Harmattan, Paris, 2013).