Frédéric Audras began his career as a consultant, assisting numerous local authorities in the area of financial analysis, fiscal optimization and institutional development. Before joining AFD in 2007 as an expert on local public finance and decentralization, Audras served as the Head of Budget and Finance for a large metropolis and later as economic, financial and international affairs adviser for the government of New Caledonia. In his position at AFD, he appraised and supervised numerous funding projects for local authorities in overseas territories and abroad (including Turkey, the Mediterranean, West Africa, South Africa and Southeast Asia). He also designed a training program on the financial analysis of local authorities for AFD clients. He co-authored a publication with Jean-François Almanza on “Public Expenditure and Financial Accountability” methodology for local authorities and contributed to a book on the analysis of decentralization in four African countries (under the supervision of Bernard Dafflon and Guy Gilbert). As the director of AFD in French Polynesia from 2011 to 2015, he developed the first financial observatory for municipalities and helped lead and develop a book entitled “La République, le Pays et le Tavana” on the analysis of local public policies. He served successively as organization and audit advisor for the Executive Operations Directorate and later became the Head of the Monitoring and Council Department for Banque des Territoires (Caisse des Dépôts et Consignations), where he directed activities for Territoires Conseils (support and consultancy for local authorities) and Localtis (a daily digital newspaper) until 2019. He has been the Head of the Urban Development, Planning and Housing Department since September 2019.