François Bourguignon is Emeritus Chair at the Paris School of Economics, of which he was director from 2007 to the end of January 2013. He has been Director of Studies at the École des Hautes Études en Sciences Sociales since 1985 and is Chairman of the EUDN network. Trained as a statistician, he obtained a Ph.D in economics from the University of Western Ontario, followed by a doctorate from the University of Orléans in France. His work is both theoretical and empirical and primarily focuses on the distribution and redistribution of income in developing and developed countries. He is the author of several books and numerous articles in international economic journals. He has received a number of scientific awards during the course of his career and has taught at several international universities. He has long provided advice to various governments and international organisations. From 2003 to 2007 he was Chief Economist and Senior Vice President at the World Bank in Washington.