Étienne Espagne

Environmental and Development Economist at AFD

5 published articles
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Agence Française de Développement
5, Rue Roland Barthes
75598 Paris Cedex 12

+33 1 53 44 31 31


Étienne Espagne is an environmental and development economist. His research programs focus on the socioeconomic impacts of climate change and strategies for adaptation and attenuation adopted by emerging and developing countries in regions including Southeast Asia.

Examples include the GEMMES Vietnam program and the Inequality Research Facility in the Lower Mekong countries. More generally, Espagne’s work looks at financial policies designed to promote a resilient, low-carbon transition, following the signing of the Paris Agreement.

Étienne Espagne holds a PhD in environmental economics from École des Hautes Études en Sciences Sociales (EHESS) and is also a graduate of Mines ParisTech and the Paris School of Economics.

He has published in a variety of academic journals on topics related to climate change and energy policy. He regularly teaches classes at Université Paris 1, EHESS, École Polytechnique, and ENSTA Paris.

Before joining AFD in 2017, he worked for the Centre d’Etudes Prospectives et d’Information Internationale (CEPII), France Stratégie, and the Centre International de Recherche sur l’Environnement et le Développement (CIRED).

ID4D Articles


Central Banks at the Heart of the International Response to the Ecological Crisis

The role of our central banks is crucial to reducing the level of uncertainty surrounding the ecological transition and encouraging the private sector to also make a commitment to carbon neutrality and restoring ecosystems.


After Covid-19: developing a financial safety net in line with the Paris Agreement

In this last part of this series focusing on the links between Covid-19 and the environment, Economist Étienne Espagne explains how the pandemic has highlighted existing weaknesses in the global monetary and financial system. How can the global financial safety net be redefined post-Covid-19 to support the objectives of the Paris Agreement?


Covid-19, a Huge Rehearsal for the Upcoming Climate Crisis?

In this second article in a series on the links between Covid-19 and the environment, economist Étienne Espagne examines the Covid-19 and climate crises to see what connects and what differentiates them. Can the pandemic accelerate climate change?


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