A Question of Development has dedicated issue n° 20 to this question. The authors : Gaëlle BALINEAU, Sylvaine LEMEILLEUR.
“The most recent report by the GIEC restates that greenhouse gas emissions from anthropogenic sources are one of the most significant causes of climate change and that twenty-four percent of these would come from the AFOLU (Agriculture, Forestry, and Other Land Use) sector. Above and beyond its direct contribution to climate change, this sector, and more specifically, its agents (i.e. the people who work in agriculture and forestry) are at the centre of the debate on adaptation to climate change. For it is they who are hit hardest by climactic disruptions, which can mean increases in the occurrence of shocks just as much as increases in their intensity. To cite just one example, droughts and floods create insurance issues in countries in which agricultural risk management is based on crop diversification and peer networks—two mechanisms that become ineffective in the case of natural catastrophe. In such a context, a question emerges: out of the tools already at hand, can eco-labels used in the agriculture, forestry, and food industries help fulfill climate change goals?”
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